CCL Injuries

Cranial Cruciate Ligament injury is the most common cause of hind limb lameness in dogs.

About the CCL

The cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) in dogs, is the equivalent of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in humans. Unlike humans, the most common cause of CCL injury in dogs is due to degeneration of the ligament over time. This may be due to age, obesity, genetics, breed, activity level, and bone conformation.

Clinical Signs
of CCL Injury

Tests & Diagnosis

Diagnosis is made based on physical exam findings by a veterinarian. Sedation may be needed for a complete assessment. Though the CCL is not visible on x-rays, radiographs confirm secondary changes and can help rule out other joint injuries. Radiographs are also necessary for osteotomy surgical repair planning (see TPLO surgery).

Nonsurgical Management

All aspects of conservative therapy are important tenants of care in pets with CCL injury. Each aspect of non-surgical methods are recommended for each pet with CCL injury whether or not surgery is performed.

The decision to pursue surgery is best decided by you and your veterinarian and should take in account patient size, activity, concurrent medical conditions and quality of life.

Treatment Options

Surgery is the treatment of choice to provide stability in the joint. Studies have shown that surgical repair for CCL injuries leads to full function in the leg faster than other conservative methods. The decision to pursue surgery is best decided by you and your veterinarian.


Welcome to Reina

Step into a true oasis of digital beauty we devised for your new beauty center, resort or spa website.

Monday to Friday 09:00 - 20:00 hrs
Saturday 09:00 - 18:00 hrs
Sunday 09:00 - 18:00 hrs